Generality and reuse in a common type system for clinical natural language processing

Stephen T. Wu, Vinod C. Kaggal, Guergana K. Savova, Hongfang Liu, Dmitriy Dligach, Jiaping Zheng, Wendy W. Chapman, Christopher G. Chute

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of Area 4 of the Strategic Healthcare IT Advanced Research Project (SHARP 4) is to facilitate secondary use of data stored in Electronic Medical Records (EMR) through high throughput phenotyping. Clinical Natural Language Processing (NLP) plays an important role in transforming information in clinical text to standard representation that is comparable and interoperable. To meet the NLP requirement of different secondary use cases of EMR, accommodate different NLP approaches, enable the interoperability between structured and unstructured data generated in different clinical settings, we define a common type system for clinical NLP that integrates a comprehensive model of clinical semantics with language processing types for SHARP 4. The type system has been implemented in UIMA (Unstructured Information Management Architecture), which allows for flexible passing of input and output data types among NLP components, and is available at the SHARP 4 website.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCIKM 2011 Glasgow
Subtitle of host publicationMIXHS'11 - Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Managing Interoperability and Complexity in Health Systems
Pages27-34
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2011
Event1st International Workshop on Managing Interoperability and compleXity in Health Systems, MIXHS'11, Collocated with the 20th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, CIKM 2011 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Oct 28 2011Oct 28 2011

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings

Other

Other1st International Workshop on Managing Interoperability and compleXity in Health Systems, MIXHS'11, Collocated with the 20th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, CIKM 2011
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period10/28/1110/28/11

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Keywords

  • clinical element models
  • clinical information standards
  • interoperability
  • medical semantics
  • natural language processing
  • uima

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

Cite this

Wu, S. T., Kaggal, V. C., Savova, G. K., Liu, H., Dligach, D., Zheng, J., Chapman, W. W., & Chute, C. G. (2011). Generality and reuse in a common type system for clinical natural language processing. In CIKM 2011 Glasgow: MIXHS'11 - Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Managing Interoperability and Complexity in Health Systems (pp. 27-34). (International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1145/2064747.2064755