General mechanisms of steroid receptors and receptor coregulator action

David G. Monroe, Thomas C. Spelsberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations


Sex steroid hormones (e.g. estrogens and androgens) are synthesized from cholesterol in a complex set of reactions and that the intracellular action of these hormones is transmitted through their cognate steroid hormone receptor (e.g. estrogen receptor and androgen receptor, respectively). These receptors contain domains involved in ligand binding, DNA binding and transcriptional activation (AF-1 and AF-2). The transcriptional effects of the steroid hormone receptors are elicited through the recruitment and actions of steroid hormone receptor coactivators and corepressors. It is the actions and interactions of the coregulators that determine the transcriptional outcome of the gene promoter. Steroid responsive genes can be classified as either "primary" or "secondary", depending on the requirement for de novo protein synthesis and the rapidity of the response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPrinciples of Sex-based Differences in Physiology
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Publication series

NameAdvances in Molecular and Cell Biology
ISSN (Print)1569-2558


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Monroe, D. G., & Spelsberg, T. C. (2004). General mechanisms of steroid receptors and receptor coregulator action. In Principles of Sex-based Differences in Physiology (pp. 39-48). (Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology; Vol. 34).