Gastrointestinal Functions

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Neurohormonal mechanisms are critically important for the integration of gastrointestinal functions. The gastrointestinal functions include the absorption of water and electrolytes, the storage and transport of intraluminal contents aborally, the salvage of some nutrients after bacterial metabolism of carbohydrate that is not absorbed in the small intestine, and ultimately the excretion of residue resulting from digestion. Understanding the physiological principles and control of gastrointestinal motor, secretory, and sensory functions in health provides the basis for understanding disease and indicates the potential approaches for pharmacological modulation of those functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages411-416
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Enteric nervous system
  • Extrinsic nervous system
  • Gastric emptying
  • Gastric secretion
  • High-amplitude propagated contractions
  • Migrating motor complex
  • Parasympathetic fibers
  • Sympathetic fibers
  • Visceral sensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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