Background and aims Endoscopic resections are associated with bleeding and perforation and may be managed with through-the-scope (TTS) clips, over-the-scope clips and endoscopic suturing. The aim of this preclinical study was to compare technical success of closure using a novel TTS tissue helix tack and suture device (X-Tack) to TTS clips in a porcine model. Materials and methods Four subjects underwent 40 mucosal resections, diameter range 25-50mm, in the stomach (n=24) and colon (n=16). Closures were randomized to X-Tack (n=24) or clip (n=16). Animals underwent weekly endoscopic follow-up for 4 weeks. Results Technical closure with X-Tack was successful in 24 of 24 (100%) cases and with clips in 13 of 16 cases (81.3%) (P =0.0001). One colonic perforation occurred and was successfully managed using X-Tack. The rate of healing was not statistically different between the groups, and all sites healed at 4 weeks including the perforation and were confirmed by histology. Conclusions Compared to TTS clip, X-Tack is superior for effecting large mucosal defect closure, including durable sealing of full-thickness perforation. There was no difference in rate of healing between devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)