Rationale and Objectives. The feasibility of using gadolinium contrast medium for computed tomography angiography (CTA) in multi-detector row computed tomography and the effect of contrast medium dilution was investigated. Materials and Methods. Three pigs were each scanned in multiple sessions with injections of non-dilute and dilute contrast medium at a dose of 0.3 mmol/kg body weight. Non-spiral dynamic scanning at a fixed mid-abdominal aortic level and thoracoabdominal CTA were performed. Results. The magnitude of peak aortic enhancement was not significantly different between dilute and non-dilute contrast medium injections (P = .88), but the former showed earlier enhancement (mean of 2.3 seconds sooner, P < .01) than the latter. CT angiography with gadolinium contrast medium showed much lower enhancement than iodine contrast medium, but small vessels were readily identifiable. Conclusion. Gadolinium contrast medium combined with multi-detector row computed tomography may provide clinically useful CTA. Dilution of contrast medium shortens the enhancement time but has little effect on the magnitude.
- Computed tomography
- Contrast media
- Helical technology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging