Fluoroscopically Guided Facet Injections: Comparison of Intra-Articular and Periarticular Steroid and Anesthetic Injection on Immediate and Short-Term Pain Relief

L. M. Kershen, N. C. Nacey, J. T. Patrie, Michael Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effectiveness of facet injections is unclear in the literature. Our objective was to determine the immediate and short-term efficacy of intra-articular and periarticular steroid/anesthetic injections for facet-mediated lumbar pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All outpatient fluoroscopically guided facet injections at a single institution during a 54-month period were retrospectively and independently reviewed by 2 musculoskeletal (MSK) trained radiologists. All intra-articular, all periarticular, and partial intra-/periarticular injection locations were determined. Periarticular and partial peri-/intra-articular injections were combined for analysis. Preinjection, immediate, and 1-week postinjection numeric pain scores, patient age, sex, anesthetic/steroid mixture, fluoroscopic time, and physician performing the procedure were recorded. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients (mean age, 51.1 years) had 100 procedures with 205 total facet joints injected. All intra-articular, all periarticular, and partial peri-/intra-articular injections constituted 54%, 20%, and 26% of the cases, respectively. The immediate and 1-week postprocedural change in pain was -3.7 (95% CI, -4.5 to -2.8; P < .001) and -1.4 (95% CI, -2.2 to -0.6; P = .001) for the all intra-articular and -3.6 (95% CI, -4.4 to -2.9; P < .001) and -1.2 (95% CI, -1.9 to -0.4; P = .002) for the combined group. Changes in immediate pain were significantly associated with the prepain level (P < .001) and patient age (P = .024) but not with the anesthetic used. Analyses revealed no significant difference in pain reduction between the groups either immediately or 1 week postinjection. Intra-articular injections required less fluoroscopic time (geometric mean, 39 versus 52 seconds) (P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: Intra-articular and periarticular fluoroscopically guided facet injections provide statistically significant and similar pain relief both immediately and 1 week postinjection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2161-2165
Number of pages5
JournalAJNR. American journal of neuroradiology
Volume39
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

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Intra-Articular Injections
Anesthetics
Steroids
Pain
Joints
Injections
Zygapophyseal Joint
Outpatients
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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Fluoroscopically Guided Facet Injections : Comparison of Intra-Articular and Periarticular Steroid and Anesthetic Injection on Immediate and Short-Term Pain Relief. / Kershen, L. M.; Nacey, N. C.; Patrie, J. T.; Fox, Michael.

In: AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology, Vol. 39, No. 11, 01.11.2018, p. 2161-2165.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Fluoroscopically Guided Facet Injections: Comparison of Intra-Articular and Periarticular Steroid and Anesthetic Injection on Immediate and Short-Term Pain Relief",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effectiveness of facet injections is unclear in the literature. Our objective was to determine the immediate and short-term efficacy of intra-articular and periarticular steroid/anesthetic injections for facet-mediated lumbar pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All outpatient fluoroscopically guided facet injections at a single institution during a 54-month period were retrospectively and independently reviewed by 2 musculoskeletal (MSK) trained radiologists. All intra-articular, all periarticular, and partial intra-/periarticular injection locations were determined. Periarticular and partial peri-/intra-articular injections were combined for analysis. Preinjection, immediate, and 1-week postinjection numeric pain scores, patient age, sex, anesthetic/steroid mixture, fluoroscopic time, and physician performing the procedure were recorded. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients (mean age, 51.1 years) had 100 procedures with 205 total facet joints injected. All intra-articular, all periarticular, and partial peri-/intra-articular injections constituted 54{\%}, 20{\%}, and 26{\%} of the cases, respectively. The immediate and 1-week postprocedural change in pain was -3.7 (95{\%} CI, -4.5 to -2.8; P < .001) and -1.4 (95{\%} CI, -2.2 to -0.6; P = .001) for the all intra-articular and -3.6 (95{\%} CI, -4.4 to -2.9; P < .001) and -1.2 (95{\%} CI, -1.9 to -0.4; P = .002) for the combined group. Changes in immediate pain were significantly associated with the prepain level (P < .001) and patient age (P = .024) but not with the anesthetic used. Analyses revealed no significant difference in pain reduction between the groups either immediately or 1 week postinjection. Intra-articular injections required less fluoroscopic time (geometric mean, 39 versus 52 seconds) (P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: Intra-articular and periarticular fluoroscopically guided facet injections provide statistically significant and similar pain relief both immediately and 1 week postinjection.",
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AU - Patrie, J. T.

AU - Fox, Michael

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N2 - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effectiveness of facet injections is unclear in the literature. Our objective was to determine the immediate and short-term efficacy of intra-articular and periarticular steroid/anesthetic injections for facet-mediated lumbar pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All outpatient fluoroscopically guided facet injections at a single institution during a 54-month period were retrospectively and independently reviewed by 2 musculoskeletal (MSK) trained radiologists. All intra-articular, all periarticular, and partial intra-/periarticular injection locations were determined. Periarticular and partial peri-/intra-articular injections were combined for analysis. Preinjection, immediate, and 1-week postinjection numeric pain scores, patient age, sex, anesthetic/steroid mixture, fluoroscopic time, and physician performing the procedure were recorded. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients (mean age, 51.1 years) had 100 procedures with 205 total facet joints injected. All intra-articular, all periarticular, and partial peri-/intra-articular injections constituted 54%, 20%, and 26% of the cases, respectively. The immediate and 1-week postprocedural change in pain was -3.7 (95% CI, -4.5 to -2.8; P < .001) and -1.4 (95% CI, -2.2 to -0.6; P = .001) for the all intra-articular and -3.6 (95% CI, -4.4 to -2.9; P < .001) and -1.2 (95% CI, -1.9 to -0.4; P = .002) for the combined group. Changes in immediate pain were significantly associated with the prepain level (P < .001) and patient age (P = .024) but not with the anesthetic used. Analyses revealed no significant difference in pain reduction between the groups either immediately or 1 week postinjection. Intra-articular injections required less fluoroscopic time (geometric mean, 39 versus 52 seconds) (P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: Intra-articular and periarticular fluoroscopically guided facet injections provide statistically significant and similar pain relief both immediately and 1 week postinjection.

AB - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effectiveness of facet injections is unclear in the literature. Our objective was to determine the immediate and short-term efficacy of intra-articular and periarticular steroid/anesthetic injections for facet-mediated lumbar pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All outpatient fluoroscopically guided facet injections at a single institution during a 54-month period were retrospectively and independently reviewed by 2 musculoskeletal (MSK) trained radiologists. All intra-articular, all periarticular, and partial intra-/periarticular injection locations were determined. Periarticular and partial peri-/intra-articular injections were combined for analysis. Preinjection, immediate, and 1-week postinjection numeric pain scores, patient age, sex, anesthetic/steroid mixture, fluoroscopic time, and physician performing the procedure were recorded. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients (mean age, 51.1 years) had 100 procedures with 205 total facet joints injected. All intra-articular, all periarticular, and partial peri-/intra-articular injections constituted 54%, 20%, and 26% of the cases, respectively. The immediate and 1-week postprocedural change in pain was -3.7 (95% CI, -4.5 to -2.8; P < .001) and -1.4 (95% CI, -2.2 to -0.6; P = .001) for the all intra-articular and -3.6 (95% CI, -4.4 to -2.9; P < .001) and -1.2 (95% CI, -1.9 to -0.4; P = .002) for the combined group. Changes in immediate pain were significantly associated with the prepain level (P < .001) and patient age (P = .024) but not with the anesthetic used. Analyses revealed no significant difference in pain reduction between the groups either immediately or 1 week postinjection. Intra-articular injections required less fluoroscopic time (geometric mean, 39 versus 52 seconds) (P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: Intra-articular and periarticular fluoroscopically guided facet injections provide statistically significant and similar pain relief both immediately and 1 week postinjection.

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