Experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT) is inducible in genetially susceptible mice by immunization with mouse thyroglobulin (mTg). With susceptibility linked to MHC class II, EAT is useful in studying human leukocyte antigen (HLA) associations with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice, ∼10% thyroiditis incidence occurs with aging. This potential was exploited to examine the T cell repertoire and HLA association in EAT. Similar to B10.K-Vβc mice with TCRBV genes reduced by ∼70%, mTg-immunized NOD-Vβc mice developed thyroiditis comparable to controls, indicating plasticity of the TCR repertoire for 'pathogenic epitopes. HLA association was evaluated by introducing HLA-DRA/DRB1*0301 (DR3) transgene into class II-negative NOD mice (Ab0/NOD). Previously, this HLA-DR3 transgene rendered EAT-resistant B10.M and Ab0 mice susceptible to both mTg- and hTg-induced EAT. These results are now confirmed, mTg-induced thyroiditis in DR3+ Ab0/NOD mice was comparable to that in NOD and DR3- NOD mice, and the proliferative response was stronger. By comparison, NOD mice were only moderately susceptible to hTg-induced EAT. However, thyroiditis was more severe in DR3+ Ab0/NOD than in DR3- NOD mice, with no difference in proliferative response to hTg harbouring heterologous epitopes. The confirmed permissiveness of HLA-DR3 molecules on an NOD background for EAT induction by both mTg and hTg supports the importance of this class II gene implicated in some patient studies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Autoimmunity|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2001|
- Autoimmune thyroiditis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy