Factors Associated With Minimally Invasive Surgery for Colorectal Cancer in Emergency Settings

Osayande Osagiede, Aaron Spaulding, Jordan J. Cochuyt, James M Naessens, Amit Merchea, Marie Crandall, Dorin T. Colibaseanu

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Abstract

Background: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS)is associated with improved colorectal cancer (CRC)outcomes, but it is used less frequently in emergency settings. We aimed to assess patient-level factors associated with emergency presentation for CRC and the use of MIS in emergency versus elective settings. Methods: This retrospective study examined the clinical data of patients who underwent emergency and elective resections for CRC from 2013 to 2015 using the Florida Inpatient Discharge Dataset. Multivariable analyses were performed to assess differences in gender, age, race, urbanization, region, insurance, and clinical characteristics associated with mode of presentation and surgical approach. In-hospital mortality and length of stay by mode of presentation were recorded. Results: Of 16,277 patients identified, 10,224 (61%)had elective surgery and 6503 (39%)had emergency surgery. Emergency presentations were more likely to be black (14.2% versus 9.5%), Hispanic (18.9% versus 15.4%), Medicaid-insured (9.7% versus 4.2%), and have metastatic cancer (34.4% versus 20.2%)or multiple comorbidities (12.6% versus 4.0%). MIS was the surgical approach in 31.8% of emergency cases versus 48.1% of elective cases. Factors associated with lower odds of MIS for emergencies include Medicaid (odds ratio (OR)0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI)0.63-0.99), metastases (OR 0.56, CI 0.5-0.63), and multiple comorbidities (OR 0.53, CI 0.4-0.7). Emergency cases experienced higher in-hospital mortality (3.7% versus 1.0%)and a longer median length of stay (10 d versus 5 d). Conclusions: Emergency CRC presentations are associated with racial minorities, Medicaid insurance, metastatic disease, and multiple comorbidities. Odds of MIS in emergency settings are lowest for patients with Medicaid insurance and highest clinical disease burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume243
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Emergency surgery
  • Health disparities
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Retrospective study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Factors Associated With Minimally Invasive Surgery for Colorectal Cancer in Emergency Settings. / Osagiede, Osayande; Spaulding, Aaron; Cochuyt, Jordan J.; Naessens, James M; Merchea, Amit; Crandall, Marie; Colibaseanu, Dorin T.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 243, 01.11.2019, p. 75-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle