Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and associated inflammation contributes to liver dysfunction and complications after liver surgery and transplantation. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to reduce hepatic IRI because of their reparative immunomodulatory effects in injured tissues. Recent studies have highlighted beneficial effects of extracellular vesicles from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-EV) on tissue injury. The effects of systemically administered mouse bone marrow–derived MSC-EV were evaluated in an experimental murine model of hepatic IRI induced by cross-clamping the hepatic artery and portal vein for 90 minutes followed by reperfusion for periods of up to 6 hours. Compared with controls, intravenous administration of MSC-EV 30 minutes prior to IRI dramatically reduced the extent of tissue necrosis, decreased caspase 3–positive and apoptotic cells, and reduced serum aminotransferase levels. MSC-EV increased hepatic messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 12, and the chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1, and reduced mRNA expression of several inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6 during IRI. MSC-EV increased cell viability and suppressed both oxidative injury and nuclear factor kappa B activity in murine hepatocytes in vitro. In conclusion, the administration of extracellular vesicles derived from bone marrow–derived MSCs may ameliorate hepatic IRI by reducing hepatic injury through modulation of the inflammatory response.Liver Transplantation 23 791–803 2017 AASLD.
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