Epilepsy beginning in infancy

Stewart Macleod, Elaine C Wirrell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Epilepsy and epileptic seizures are common in infancy. A population-based study of Canadian children found an incidence of epilepsy of 118/100,000 infants aged less than one year (excluding neonates), falling to 42/100,000 in the second year of life (1). Seizures that are considered epileptic are of course even more common. Approximately 3% of all children will have at least one febrile seizure, the majority of which will occur in the first two years of life. Acute symptomatic seizures are also common in this age group with common etiologies including CNS infection, trauma and transient biochemical impairment (e.g., hyponatraemia, hypoglycemia and hypocalcemia). Clearly, evaluation of infants with seizures must always include a careful search for an underlying and potentially treatable cause.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationChildhood Epilepsy: Management from Diagnosis to Remission
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages5-28
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9780511980572
ISBN (Print)9780521763257
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Macleod, S., & Wirrell, E. C. (2011). Epilepsy beginning in infancy. In Childhood Epilepsy: Management from Diagnosis to Remission (pp. 5-28). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511980572.003