Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Colorectal Dysplasia and Cancer in Ulcerative Colitis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with UC are at increased risk of CRC, but a series of population-based studies published within the past 5 years suggest that this risk has decreased over time. The crude annual incidence rate of CRC in UC ranges from approximately 1 in 500 to 1 in 1600. In some cohorts, an elevated risk of CRC relative to the general population can no longer be demonstrated. The exact mechanism for this decrease in risk remains unclear but may be attributable to a combination of more widespread use of maintenance therapy and surveillance colonoscopy as well as more judicious reliance on colectomy. In addition to the classic risk factors of increased extent and duration of UC, it seems that PSC, a family history of sporadic CRC, severity of histologic bowel inflammation, and young age at colitis onset are independent risk factors for cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-531
Number of pages15
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

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Ulcerative Colitis
Colorectal Neoplasms
Epidemiology
Colectomy
Colitis
Colonoscopy
Age of Onset
Population
Inflammation
Incidence
Neoplasms
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Colorectal Dysplasia and Cancer in Ulcerative Colitis. / Loftus, Jr, Edward Vincent.

In: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, Vol. 35, No. 3, 09.2006, p. 517-531.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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