BACKGROUND: Outcomes after endovascular embolization of vein of Galen malformations remain relatively poorly described. PURPOSE: We performed a systematic review of the literature to determine outcomes and predictors of good outcomes following endovascular treatment of vein of Galen malformations. DATA SOURCES: We used Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, and the Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION: Our study consisted of all case series with 4 patients receiving endovascular treatment of vein of Galen malformations published through January 2017. DATA ANALYSIS: We studied the following outcomes: complete/near-complete occlusion rates, technical complications, perioperative stroke, perioperative hemorrhage, technical mortality, all-cause mortality, poor neurologic outcomes, and good neurologic outcomes. Outcomes were stratified by age-group (neonate, infant, child). A random-effects meta-Analysis was performed. DATA SYNTHESIS: A total of 27 series with 578 patients were included; 41.9% of patients were neonates, 45.0% of patients were infants, and 13.1% of patients were children. All-cause mortality was 14.0% (95% CI, 8.0%-22.0%). Overall good neurologic outcome rates were 62.0% (95% CI, 57.0%- 67.0%). Overall poor neurologic outcome rates were 21.0% (95% CI, 17.0%-26.0%). Neonates were significantly less likely to have good neurologic outcomes than infants (48.0%; 95% CI, 35.0%- 62.0% versus 77.0%; 95% CI, 70.0%- 84.0%; P =.01). Treatment indications following the Bicêtre neonatal evaluation score resulted in significantly higher rates of good neurologic outcome (P =.04). Patients with congestive heart failure had significantly lower rates of good neurologic outcome (OR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.28-0.88; P > .01). LIMITATIONS: Limitations were selection and publication biases. CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving endovascular embolization of vein of Galen malformations experienced good long-Term clinical outcomes in <60% of cases. Appropriate patient selection is key as treatment guided by the Bicêtre neonatal evaluation score was associated with improved neurologic outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology