OBJECTIVES: To review, analyze, and synthesize the literature on endothelial dysfunction in critically ill children with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and to develop a consensus biomarker-based definition and diagnostic criteria. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of PubMed and Embase were conducted from January 1992 to January 2020, using a combination of medical subject heading terms and key words to define concepts of endothelial dysfunction, pediatric critical illness, and outcomes. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they evaluated critically ill children with endothelial dysfunction, evaluated performance characteristics of assessment/scoring tools to screen for endothelial dysfunction, and assessed outcomes related to mortality, functional status, organ-specific outcomes, or other patient-centered outcomes. Studies of adults or premature infants (≤36 weeks gestational age), animal studies, reviews or commentaries, case series with sample size ≤10, and non-English language studies with the inability to determine eligibility criteria were excluded. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were abstracted from each eligible study into a standard data extraction form along with risk of bias assessment. DATA SYNTHESIS: We identified 62 studies involving 84 assessments of endothelial derived biomarkers indirectly linked to endothelial functions including leukocyte recruitment, inflammation, coagulation, and permeability. Nearly all biomarkers studied lacked specificity for vascular segment and organ systems. Quality assessment scores for the collected literature were low. CONCLUSIONS: The Endothelial Subgroup concludes that there exists no single or combination of biomarkers to diagnose endothelial dysfunction in pediatric multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Future research should focus on biomarkers more directly linked to endothelial functions and with specificity for vascular segment and organ systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health