Electrophysiology of Cranial Nerve Testing: Spinal Accessory and Hypoglossal Nerves

Amro M. Stino, Benn E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary: Multiple techniques have been developed for the electrodiagnostic evaluation of cranial nerves XI and XII. Each of these carries both benefits and limitations, with more techniques and data being available in the literature for spinal accessory than hypoglossal nerve evaluation. Spinal accessory and hypoglossal neuropathy are relatively uncommon cranial mononeuropathies that may be evaluated in the outpatient electrodiagnostic laboratory setting. A review of available literature using PubMed was conducted regarding electrodiagnostic technique in the evaluation of spinal accessory and hypoglossal nerves searching for both routine nerve conduction studies and repetitive nerve conduction studies. The review provided herein provides a resource by which clinical neurophysiologists may develop and implement clinical and research protocols for the evaluation of both of these lower cranial nerves in the outpatient setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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