Electron beam computerized tomography assessment of in vivo single kidney glomerular filtration rate and tubular dynamics during chronic partial unilateral ureteral obstruction in the pig

N. B. Itano, L. E. Sherrill, L. O. Lerman, F. A. Corica, M. F. Hauser, J. C. Romero, D. A. Husmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


Purpose: The assessment of hydronephrosis due to chronic partial ureteral obstruction is controversial. We determined whether a new radiographic technique for assessing kidney function, electron beam computerized tomography (CT), can detect altered renal physiology due to chronic partial ureteral obstruction. We also compared and contrasted electron beam CT with standard well tempered diuretic mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG-3) urography. Materials ands Methods: Six pigs underwent creation of unilateral partial ureteral occlusion or sham operation. Three weeks after surgery diuretic enhanced MAG-3 renal scan was done and 48 hours later contrast enhanced electron beam CT was performed. Results: Mean differential function plus or minus standard error of mean of the obstructed kidney was 5.6% ± 2.4% on MAG-3 renography. In contrast, electron beam CT revealed significantly preserved mean renal function at 24.5% ± 2.7% (p <0.01). Electron beam CT analysis of tubular function revealed persistent glomerular filtration and filtrate flow through the proximal tubules and loop of Henle with a selective decrease in distal tubular flow, which were findings suggestive of proximal tubular sparing that were not demonstrated by nuclear renography. Conclusions: Renal function on MAG-3 renography is primarily determined by measuring kidney perfusion and tubular secretion of the isotope. In contrast, electron beam CT determines renal function via quantifying the in vivo single kidney glomerular filtration rate and by assessing renal tubular function. This study documents that electron beam CT of differential renal function is significantly different from that of MAG-3 renography. To our knowledge which of these 2 radiographic studies is most clinically applicable is unknown to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2530-2535
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001



  • Hydronephrosis
  • Kidney
  • Swine
  • Tomography
  • Ureteral obstruction
  • X-ray computed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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