Effects of ventricular demand and dual-chamber pacing models on the long-term clinical outcome and cardiac remodeling in patients with symptomatic bradycardia

Ying Xue Dong, Meng Guo, Yan Zong Yang, Lian Jun Gao, Yong Mei Cha, Ze Zhou Xie, Shu Long Zhang, Ying Hui Sun, Ying Qi Wang, Yun Long Xia, Javin Boodhna

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the effects of VVI (ventricular demand) and DDD (dual-chamber) pacing models on cardiac remodeling and the long-term clinical outcome of patients with symptomatic bradycardia. Methods: All patients with DDD and VVI pacing models at our hospital from January 1991 to January 2003 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: After a follow-up period of over 8 years in DDD and VVI groups (97±7, 107±4 months), left atrial diameter [(45±12) mm vs (39 ±12 ) mm, P < 0.01 ] and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter[ (53 ±1) mm vs ( 50 ±9 ) mm, P = 0.01 ] in 57 patients with VVI pacing model were markedly enlarged than those at pre-implantation. And tricuspid regurgitation increased (42.4% vs 16.9% , P <0.05). But in 59 patients with DDD pacing model, except for increased tricuspid regurgitation(42.1% vs 10.5% , P <0. 01) , left atrial diameter [(37 ±) mm vs. (35 ±5) mm, P = 0.07 ] and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter [(47 ±7) mm vs (47 ±5 ) mm, P = 0.32 ] were not significantly different. Mitral regurgitation significantly increased only in the VVI group (P < 0.01). The increases of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (P = 0.04) , mitral valve (P = 0.02) and tricuspid regurgitation (P < 0.01) were much more pronounced in the VVI group than those in the DDD group. Left ventricular ejection fraction ( LVEF) showed no difference with that at pre-implantation ( P = 0.11 in DDD group, P = 0.05 in VVI group). But the LVEF value was lower (P = 0. 04) while the incidence of thrombolism was higher (P = 0.03) in the VVI group than those in the DDD group at post-implantation. However, the incidence of atrial fibrillation (P=0.14), hospitalization ( P = 0.08 ) and survival (P = 0.77) showed no significant difference between two groups. Conclusion:DDD pacing offers more benefits over VVI pacing through improving cardiac functions and arresting left ventricular remodeling. However, neither groups showed any difference in decreasing mortality rate and hospitalization. Moreover, both pacing modes fail to reverse cardiac electrical and anatomical remodeling. It is imperative to explore more physiological pacing site and rational atrioventricular ( AV) interval to improve the prognosis of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2103-2107
Number of pages5
JournalNational Medical Journal of China
Volume91
Issue number30
StatePublished - Aug 16 2011

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardiac remodeling
  • Follow-up studies
  • Pacemaker, artificial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Dong, Y. X., Guo, M., Yang, Y. Z., Gao, L. J., Cha, Y. M., Xie, Z. Z., Zhang, S. L., Sun, Y. H., Wang, Y. Q., Xia, Y. L., & Boodhna, J. (2011). Effects of ventricular demand and dual-chamber pacing models on the long-term clinical outcome and cardiac remodeling in patients with symptomatic bradycardia. National Medical Journal of China, 91(30), 2103-2107.