Effects of testosterone replacement on muscle mass and muscle protein synthesis in hypogonadal men - A clinical research center study

Irwin G. Brodsky, P. Balagopal, K Sreekumaran Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

328 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Testosterone replacement in hypogonadism has long been known to promote nitrogen retention and increase body density, but the mechanisms of nitrogen retention and body composition changes are poorly defined. We measured body composition and muscle protein synthesis in five hypogonadal men before and 6 months after initiating testosterone replacement. Body composition was examined using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Muscle mass was estimated both by excretion of creatinine on a meat-free diet and from appendicular mass measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Muscle protein synthesis was assessed by measuring the increment of [13C]leucine in mixed muscle protein and myosin heavy chain during a continuous infusion of L-[1- 13C]leucine. In all subjects there was an increase in fat-free mass (average, 15%; range, 10-22%; P = 0.02) and a decrease in fat mass (-11%; range, -0.4% to -22.0%; P = 0.03). Muscle mass also increased in everybody (mean, 20%; range, 11-32%; P = 0.04) such that 65% of the increase in fat- free mass could be attributed to accretion of muscle. The accumulation of muscle was associated with a 56% (P = 0.015) increase in the fractional synthesis rate of mixed skeletal muscle proteins and a trend toward a similar increase in the fractional synthesis rate of myosin heavy chain (46%; P = 0.098). We conclude that testosterone replacement in hypogonadal men enhanced skeletal muscle mass by stimulating the muscle protein synthesis rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3469-3475
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume81
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

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Muscle Proteins
Muscle
Testosterone
Muscles
Body Composition
Research
Myosin Heavy Chains
Fats
Leucine
Skeletal Muscle
Nitrogen
Chemical analysis
X-Rays
X rays
Hypogonadism
Meats
Nutrition
Meat
Creatinine
Diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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title = "Effects of testosterone replacement on muscle mass and muscle protein synthesis in hypogonadal men - A clinical research center study",
abstract = "Testosterone replacement in hypogonadism has long been known to promote nitrogen retention and increase body density, but the mechanisms of nitrogen retention and body composition changes are poorly defined. We measured body composition and muscle protein synthesis in five hypogonadal men before and 6 months after initiating testosterone replacement. Body composition was examined using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Muscle mass was estimated both by excretion of creatinine on a meat-free diet and from appendicular mass measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Muscle protein synthesis was assessed by measuring the increment of [13C]leucine in mixed muscle protein and myosin heavy chain during a continuous infusion of L-[1- 13C]leucine. In all subjects there was an increase in fat-free mass (average, 15{\%}; range, 10-22{\%}; P = 0.02) and a decrease in fat mass (-11{\%}; range, -0.4{\%} to -22.0{\%}; P = 0.03). Muscle mass also increased in everybody (mean, 20{\%}; range, 11-32{\%}; P = 0.04) such that 65{\%} of the increase in fat- free mass could be attributed to accretion of muscle. The accumulation of muscle was associated with a 56{\%} (P = 0.015) increase in the fractional synthesis rate of mixed skeletal muscle proteins and a trend toward a similar increase in the fractional synthesis rate of myosin heavy chain (46{\%}; P = 0.098). We conclude that testosterone replacement in hypogonadal men enhanced skeletal muscle mass by stimulating the muscle protein synthesis rate.",
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