Effects of sickle cell trait and hemoglobin C trait on determinations of HbA(1c) by an immunoassay method

William L. Roberts, Mary Mccraw, Curtiss B. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - A number of studies, including the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT), have shown that good glycemic control, as assessed by GHb measurements, can reduce the chronic complications of diabetes. The National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program (NGSP) was established to insure that GHb measurements by different methods were comparable and could be related to the candidate reference method used in the DCCT. The measurement of HbA(1c) in patients with Hb variants is one area not directly addressed by the NGSP. Therefore, we assessed the comparability of two DCCT-traceable methods in samples with Hb variants. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Samples containing HbAA, HbAC, and HbAS were collected from diabetic and nondiabetic patients. HbA(1c) concentrations were measured by a high-performance liquid chromatography method (Bio-Rad Diamat) and an immunoassay that is suitable for use in a physician's office (Bayer DCA 2000). RESULTS - The two methods compared well for samples with HbAA and HbAS. However, for samples containing HbAC the immunoassay method showed relative positive biases of 8.4 and 10.4% at HbA(1c) levels of 7 and 9%, respectively, such that the two methods would not be judged comparable according to NGSP guidelines. CONCLUSIONS - The DCA 2000 HbA(1c) immunoassay method showed significant positive bias in patients with HbC trait. One possible clinical implication of this overestimation is overly rigorous glycemic control with a concomitant increase in hypoglycemia. This may be especially important in certain ethnic populations, such as African- Americans, who have a relatively high prevalence of HbC trait.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)983-986
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes care
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of sickle cell trait and hemoglobin C trait on determinations of HbA(1c) by an immunoassay method'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this