Effects of exercise on thoracic blood volumes, lung fluid accumulation, and pulmonary diffusing capacity in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Caitlin C. Fermoyle, Glenn M. Stewart, Barry A. Borlaug, Bruce D. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) experience symptoms of exertional dyspnea that may be related to lung fluid accumulation during exercise. A computed tomography (CT)-based method was used to measure exercise-induced changes in extravascular lung fluid content and thoracic blood volumes and to determine the effect of lung fluid on lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in stable subjects with HFpEF and healthy controls. Nine subjects with HFpEF (age = 68 ± 8 yr; body mass index = 32.1 ± 2.6 kg/m2) and eight healthy controls (62 ± 9 yr, 23.8 ± 2.4 kg/ m2) performed triplicate rebreathe DLCO/DLNO (lung diffusing capacity for nitric oxide) tests in a supine position at rest and duplicate measurements during two 5-min submaximal exercise stages (15W and 35W) and recovery. Subjects subsequently performed a 5-min exercise bout (35W) inside a CT scanner, and extravascular lung fluid content and thoracic blood volumes were quantified at rest and immediately following exercise from thoracic and contrast perfusion scans, respectively. Subjects with HFpEF had a higher lung fluid content at rest compared with controls (means ± SD, HFpEF: 14.4 ± 1.7%, control: 12.8 ± 1.7%, P = 0.043) and a higher lung fluid content following exercise (15.2 ± 2.0% vs. 12.6 ± 1.5%, P = 0.009). Higher lung fluid content was associated with a lower DLCO and alveolar-capillary membrane conductance (Dm) in subjects with HFpEF (DLCO: R =-0.57, P = 0.022, Dm: R =-0.61, P = 0.012) but not in controls. Pulmonary blood volume was not altered by exercise and was similar between groups. Submaximal exercise elicited a greater accumulation of lung fluid in subjects with HFpEF compared with in controls, and lung fluid content was negatively correlated with lung diffusing capacity and alveolarcapillarymembrane conductance in subjects with HFpEF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R602-R609
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume319
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2020

Keywords

  • Alveolar-capillary membrane conductance
  • DLCO
  • Extravascular lung water
  • Pulmonary capillary blood volume
  • Pulmonary congestion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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