The aim of this study was to identify dosage regimens using intravenous omeprazole and ranitidine that would elevate and consistently maintain intragastric pH>6 in the first 24 hr of therapy. In 19 healthy, fasting human subjects using continuous 24-hr gastric pH-metry, we studied two dosages of primed infusions of ranitidine (50 mg bolus followed by infusion of either 3 or 6 mg/kg body wt/24 hr) and six regimens of intravenous omeprazole (80-200 mg in 24 hr in two to five boluses). Only the two ranitidine infusions and high doses of omeprazole (≥160 mg/day as four or five boluses) raised the intragastric median pH above 5.4. There was no significant difference in the median intragastric pH after high dose ranitidine and high doses of omeprazole. Considerable interindividual variation in intragastric pH was observed after omeprazole therapy. The percentage of intragastric pH>6.0 during the 24-hr study was lower after omeprazole (35-42%) than after high-dose ranitidine (58%). We conclude that it is possible to raise intragastric pH>6.0 by use of either primed ranitidine infusion or by repeated boluses of omeprazole. However, maintenance of this high pH in the first 24 hr is difficult with both, more so with omeprazole.
- intragastric pH
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