The severity of preoperative cerebral palsy appears to correlate directly with postoperative complications. The primary aim of this study was to characterize the frequency of perioperative morbidity and mortality in cerebral palsy patients undergoing anesthesia. This was accomplished by undertaking a systematic review of the Mayo Database. The risk for perioperative adverse events was 63.1% (95% confidence interval 59.8%-66.5%). However, it deserves clarification that hypothermia and clinically significant yet non-life-threatening hypotension represented the majority (80%) of these complications. When these 2 events are excluded, the rate of adverse perioperative events was 13.1% (95% confidence interval 10.8%-15.5%). Risk factors associated with increased risk included American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status score exceeding 2, history of seizures, upper airway hypotonia, general surgery procedures, and adults. Our findings are useful to counsel patients with cerebral palsy, their caregivers, and their guardians regarding the risk of general anesthesia.
- Cerebral palsy
- General anesthesia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology