Effect of endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty on gastric emptying, motility and hormones: A comparative prospective study

Eric J. Vargas, Monika Rizk, Jacky Gomez-Villa, Phillip K. Edwards, Veeravich Jaruvongvanich, Andrew C. Storm, Andres Acosta, David Lake, Jeff Lynn Fidler, Adil E. Bharucha, Michael Camilleri, Barham K Abu Dayyeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) has gained global adoption but our understanding of its mechanism(s) of action and durability of efficacy is limited. We sought to determine changes in gastric emptying (GE), gastric motility (GM), hormones and eating behaviours after ESG. Design: A priori-designed single-centre substudy of a large US randomised clinical trial, adults with obesity were randomised to ESG or lifestyle interventions (LS) alone. We measured GE, hormones and weight loss and assessed eating behaviours. In a subset of ESG patients, we assessed GM. The primary outcome was the change in T1/2 (min) at 3 months, and secondary outcomes were changes in weight, GE, GM, hormones and eating behaviours. We used t-Test analyses and regression to determine the association between GE and weight loss. Results: 36 (ESG=18; LS=18) participated in this substudy. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. At 3 months, T1/2 was delayed in the ESG group (n=17) compared with the LS group (n=17) (152.3±47.3 vs 89.1±27.9; p<0.001). At 12 months, T1/2 remained delayed in the ESG group (n=16) vs control group (n=14) (137±37.4 vs 90.1±23.4; p<0.001). Greater delays in GE at 3 months were associated with greater weight loss. GM was preserved and fasting ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide 1 and polypeptide YY significantly increased 18 months after ESG. Conclusion: ESG promotes weight loss through several key mechanistic pathways involving GE and hormones while preserving GM. These findings further support clinical adoption of this technique for the management of obesity. Trial registration number: NCT03406975.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number327816
JournalGut
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • gastric emptying
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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