Effect of Comorbid Depression on Surgical Outcomes After Craniotomy for Malignant Brain Tumors: A Nationwide Readmission Database Analysis

Kavelin Rumalla, Michelle Lin, Elliot Orloff, Li Ding, Gabriel Zada, William Mack, Frank Attenello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Quality of life is paramount in patients with advanced cancer and may be adversely affected by comorbid depression. We hypothesized that comorbid depression is associated with higher rates of postoperative complications, worse functional outcomes, and higher rates of readmission after craniotomy for resection of malignant intracranial tumors. Methods: The National Readmissions Database was queried from 2010 to 2014 to identify adult patients undergoing craniotomy for malignant brain tumor resection. The primary psychiatric disease assessed was major depressive disorder (MDD). Outcomes evaluated included neurologic or other major complications, incidence of nonroutine discharge, and unplanned readmission at 30 and 90 days. Results: Of the 57,621 craniotomies for malignant neoplasms included in the analysis, 11.32% of patients had clinically diagnosed MDD. The presence of MDD was associated with nonroutine discharge (odds ratio, 1.10–125; P < 0.0001) as well as higher rates of neurologic complications (odds ratio, 1.03–1.18; P = 0.003). No association between MDD and 30-day or 90-day readmissions was noted. Patients with major All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groups severity and index length of stay >7 days experienced higher rates of 30-day and 90-day readmissions. Conclusions: There is a clinically significant rate of comorbid MDD in patients with malignant intracranial tumors, and MDD is associated with worse perioperative outcomes. Given the wealth of behavioral and pharmaceutical therapies available, MDD is a modifiable risk factor in this cohort that clinicians should be vigilant in screening for and initiating appropriate treatment protocols.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e458-e473
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume142
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Depression
  • Glioma
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Malignant brain tumor
  • Nationwide
  • Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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