Background: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is an idiopathic fibrotic disorder. Fibrosis in the subsynovial connective tissues (SSCT) of CTS and many other fibrotic diseases is mediated by Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β). Recently monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) a cytokine involved in cellular recruitment has been suggested to regulate TGF-β activity. It is related to the onset of diseases which are caused by fibrosis, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, renal fibrosis, and systemic scleroderma. In this study, we evaluated the effect of the MCP-1 synthesis inhibitor, Bindarit, on primary cultures of fibroblasts from the SSCT of five CTS patients. Methods: Fibroblasts were treated with Bindarit (10 μM, 50 μM, 100 μM, or 300 μM). Responses to inhibitors were evaluated by regulation of CTS fibrosis-associated genes, fibrosis gene array and Smad luciferase reporter assay. We also assessed the combination effect of Bindarit and SD208, a TGF-β receptor type 1 inhibitor on TGF-β signaling. Results: Collagen type III A1 (Col3), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and SERPINE1 expression were significantly down-regulated by Bindarit (300 μM) compared to vehicle control. In the fibrosis array, expression of inhibin beta E chain precursor (INHBE), beta actin (ACTB), endothelin 1 (EDN1) and hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase 1 (HPRT1) were significantly down-regulated, and integrin beta-3 (ITGB3) was significantly up-regulated by Bindarit (300 μM). Smad signal transduction activation was significantly down-regulated by Bindarit (300 μM) and/or SD208 (1 μM) with TGF-β1 compared to vehicle control with TGF-β1. Conclusions: These results suggest that Bindarit in combination with SD208 may be beneficial as medical therapy for the SSCT fibrosis associated with CTS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine