Echocardiography in centenarians: Characteristics, utility and follow-up

Jorge A. Brenes-Salazar, Jaime De La Fuente, Punnaiah Marella, Hari P Chaliki, Christopher Scott, Heidi M. Connoll, Roger L. Click

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Echocardiography has been shown to be a valuable resource in the diagnosis of many cardiac conditions, and can be used in all age groups, from the fetus to the oldest old. In the context of an increasingly aging population, the impact and utility of echocardiography in centenarians is largely unknown. This study is to determine whether echocardiography in centenarians AIDS in making clinical patient management decisions. Methods A retrospective review of echocardiograms from 1986 to 2014, at two affiliated tertiary centers, in individuals who were 100 years or older at the time of the examination. Patient and echocardiogram characteristics, management decisions based on echocardiography, and mortality were documented. Results 114 centenarians had echocardiograms, with ages ranging from 100 to 107 years (101 ? 1.4 years). In 82 of the centenarians evaluated (72%), no changes in management occurred as a consequence of the echocardiogram. From all management changes directly related to the echocardiogram, 81% (n = 26) of these corresponded to medication adjustments; interventional or surgical procedures followed the echocardiogram only in 4% (n = 5) of the total number of centenarians. Echocardiogram-based changes in management were only significant in patients that were referred for congestive heart failure (P = 0.02). After the echocardiogram was performed, 1-month and 1-year mortality were 15% and 47%, respectively. The median survival after the echocardiogram was obtained was 13 months (range 0.03 to 145 months), with no difference if there was a change or no change in management (P = 0.21). Conclusions Among centenarians undergoing echocardiography, despite additional diagnostic information, echocardiograms in centenarians influence management in a minority of cases, most commonly in the form of medication changes for treatment of heart failure. A significant proportion of centenarians are deceased within a year of undergoing echocardiographic assessment. These findings may question the overall utility of echocardiography in these late survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-333
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Geriatric Cardiology
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Centenarian
  • Echocardiography
  • Geriatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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