E-learning in graduate medical education: Survey of residency program directors

Christopher M. Wittich, Anoop Agrawal, David Allan Cook, Andrew J. Halvorsen, Jayawant Mandrekar, Saima Chaudhry, Denise M. Dupras, Amy S. Oxentenko, Thomas J. Beckman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: E-learning - the use of Internet technologies to enhance knowledge and performance - has become a widely accepted instructional approach. Little is known about the current use of e-learning in postgraduate medical education. To determine utilization of e-learning by United States internal medicine residency programs, program director (PD) perceptions of e-learning, and associations between e-learning use and residency program characteristics. Methods: We conducted a national survey in collaboration with the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine of all United States internal medicine residency programs. Results: Of the 368 PDs, 214 (58.2%) completed the e-learning survey. Use of synchronous e-learning at least sometimes, somewhat often, or very often was reported by 85 (39.7%); 153 programs (71.5%) use asynchronous e-learning at least sometimes, somewhat often, or very often. Most programs (168; 79%) do not have a budget to integrate e-learning. Mean (SD) scores for the PD perceptions of e-learning ranged from 3.01 (0.94) to 3.86 (0.72) on a 5-point scale. The odds of synchronous e-learning use were higher in programs with a budget for its implementation (odds ratio, 3.0 [95% CI, 1.04-8.7]; P =.04). Conclusions: Residency programs could be better resourced to integrate e-learning technologies. Asynchronous e-learning was used more than synchronous, which may be to accommodate busy resident schedules and duty-hour restrictions. PD perceptions of e-learning are relatively moderate and future research should determine whether PD reluctance to adopt e-learning is based on unawareness of the evidence, perceptions that e-learning is expensive, or judgments about value versus effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114
JournalBMC Medical Education
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2017

Keywords

  • Electronic learning
  • Graduate medical education
  • Medical education
  • Program directors
  • Residency training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'E-learning in graduate medical education: Survey of residency program directors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Wittich, C. M., Agrawal, A., Cook, D. A., Halvorsen, A. J., Mandrekar, J., Chaudhry, S., Dupras, D. M., Oxentenko, A. S., & Beckman, T. J. (2017). E-learning in graduate medical education: Survey of residency program directors. BMC Medical Education, 17(1), [114]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-017-0953-9