ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels are intracellular ligandgated channels which regulate diverse cellular functions. Intracellular nucleoside diphosphates (NDPs) are essential for the physiological opening of KATP channels which would otherwise be permanently closed by their overt sensitivity to intracellular ATP. We find that KATP channels exhibit dualistic behavior toward NDPs depending on their operative condition. When channels are in the spontaneous operative condition, NDPs antagonize channel inhibition by intracellular ATP. When channels have "run down," NDPs induce channel opening but no longer antagonize intracellular ATP. The switch of the KATP channel response to the same ligand, i.e., NDPs, is controlled by a Mg-ATP-dependent reaction. The condition of the target protein therefore determines the effect of the ligand. This property provides a novel basis to evaluate the dynamic regulation of ion channels by their ligands.
ASJC Scopus subject areas