Do we need 5-FU in addition to cisplatin for chemoradiation of locally advanced head-and-neck cancer?

Dirk Rades, Daniel Seidl, Stefan Janssen, Amira Bajrovic, Samer G. Hakim, Barbara Wollenberg, Steven E. Schild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

SummaryObjectives To compare chemoradiation with cisplatin alone or cisplatin plus 5-FU for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head-and-neck (SCCHN). Materials and methods The outcomes of 142 patients who received chemoradiation with cisplatin alone for locally advanced SCCHN were retrospectively compared to 170 patients who received cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The outcomes compared included loco-regional control (LRC), metastases-free survival (MFS), overall survival (OS) and adverse events. Results Although patients who received cisplatin alone had a significantly worse performance status, 81% of these patients completed planned chemotherapy compared to 73% of patients in the cisplatin plus 5-FU group (p = 0.18). Radiotherapy breaks >1 week were necessary in 14% and 23% of patients, respectively (p = 0.09). The 5-year LRC rates were 69% after cisplatin alone and 68% after cisplatin plus 5-FU (p = 0.71). The 5-year MFS rates were 72% and 62%, respectively (p = 0.37), and 5-year OS rates were 60% and 45%, respectively (p = 0.066). On multivariate analysis, cisplatin alone was significantly associated with improved OS (RR 1.35; 95%-CI 1.09-1.69; p = 0.006). Nausea/vomiting, pneumonia/sepsis and late adverse events occurred more common in the cisplatin plus 5-FU group. Conclusion Given the limitations of a retrospective study, chemoradiation with cisplatin alone appeared associated with fewer adverse events and better OS than with cisplatin plus 5-FU in patients with locally advanced SCCHN. Thus, 5-FU in addition to cisplatin may be omitted for these patients. A randomized trial is warranted to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-45
Number of pages6
JournalOral Oncology
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • 5-Fluorouracil
  • Adverse events
  • Chemoradiation
  • Cisplatin
  • Locally advanced head-and-neck cancer
  • Treatment outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oral Surgery
  • Cancer Research

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    Rades, D., Seidl, D., Janssen, S., Bajrovic, A., Hakim, S. G., Wollenberg, B., & Schild, S. E. (2016). Do we need 5-FU in addition to cisplatin for chemoradiation of locally advanced head-and-neck cancer? Oral Oncology, 57, 40-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2016.04.003