Endothelial differentiation gene (edg)-encoded G protein-coupled receptors (Edg Rs)-1, -3, and -5 bind sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), and Edg- 2 and -4 bind lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). Edg Rs transduce signals from LPA and S1P that stimulate ras- and rho-dependent cellular proliferation, enhance cellular survival, and suppress apoptosis. That high levels of LPA in plasma and ascitic fluid of patients with ovarian cancer correlate with widespread invasion suggested the importance of investigating expression and functions of Edg Rs in ovarian cancer cells (OCCs) as compared with nonmalignant ovarian surface epithelial cells (OSEs). Analyses of Edg Rs by semiquantitative reverse transcription-PCR, a radioactively quantified variant of PCR, and Western blots developed with monoclonal antibodies showed prominent expression of Edg-4 R in primary cultures and established lines of OCCs but none in OSEs. In contrast, levels of Edg-2, -3, and -5 were higher in OSEs than OCCs. LPA stimulated proliferation and signaled a serum response element-luciferase reporter of immediate-early gene activation in OCCs but not OSEs, whereas SIP evoked similar responses in both OSEs and OCCs. Pharmacological inhibitors of Edg R signaling suppressed OCC responses to LPA. A combination of monoclonal anti-Edg-4 R antibody and phorbol myristate acetate, which were inactive separately, evoked proliferative and serum response element-luciferase responses of OCCs but not OSEs. Thus the Edg-4 R may represent a distinctive marker of OCC that transduces growth-promoting signals from the high local concentrations of LPA characteristic of aggressive ovarian cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Oct 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research