Disparate outcomes of global emergency surgery - A matched comparison of patients in developed and under—developed healthcare settings

Adil A. Shah, Cheryl K. Zogg, Abdul Rehman, Asad Latif, Hasnain Zafar, Amarah Shakoor, Nabil Wasif, Alyssa B. Chapital, Robert Riviello, Awais Ashfaq, Mallory Williams, Edward E. Cornwell, Adil H. Haider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Introduction: Access to surgical care is an essential element of health-systems strengthening. This study aims to compare two diverse healthcare settings in South Asia and the United States (US). Methods: Patients at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Pakistan were matched to patients captured in the US Nationwide Inpatient Sample (US-NIS) from 2009 to 2011. Risk-adjusted differences in mortality, major morbidity, and LOS were compared using logistic and generalized-linear (family gamma, link log) models after coarsened-exact matching. Results: A total of 2,244,486 patients (n = 4867 AKUH; n = 2,239,619 US-NIS) were included. Of those in the US-NIS, 990,963 (42.5%) were treated at urban-teaching hospitals, 332,568 (14.3%) in rural locations. Risk-adjusted odds of reported mortality were higher for Pakistani patients (OR[95%CI]: 3.80[2.68–5.37]), while odds of reported complications were lower (OR[95%CI]: 0.56[0.48–0.65]). No differences were observed in LOS. The difference in outcomes was less pronounced when comparing Pakistani patients to American rural patients. Conclusion: These results demonstrate significant reported morbidity, mortality differences between healthcare systems. Comparative assessments such as this will inform global health policy development and support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1029-1036
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume215
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Coarsened-exact matching
  • Emergency general surgery
  • Global surgery
  • Low-middle income
  • Pakistan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Shah, A. A., Zogg, C. K., Rehman, A., Latif, A., Zafar, H., Shakoor, A., Wasif, N., Chapital, A. B., Riviello, R., Ashfaq, A., Williams, M., Cornwell, E. E., & Haider, A. H. (2018). Disparate outcomes of global emergency surgery - A matched comparison of patients in developed and under—developed healthcare settings. American Journal of Surgery, 215(6), 1029-1036. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2018.05.008