Differential neointimal response to coronary artery injury in pigs and dogs - Implications for restenosis models

Robert S. Schwartz, William D. Edwards, Kent R. Bailey, Allan R. Camrud, Michael A. Jorgenson, David R. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neointimal hyperplasia occurs in the coronary arteries after percutaneous revascularization procedures and is a reparative response that frequently causes recurrent stenosis. Prior animal studies have shown that neointimal tissue thickness is proportional to the depth of arterial injury. Because animal models are increasingly used to test therapeutic strategies against restenosis, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the degree of neointimal thickening formed in the coronary arteries of pigs compared with dogs in response to severe injury. Fourteen coronary arteries in six mongrel dogs and 18 coronary arteries in nine pigs underwent severe arterial injury using tantalum metal coils delivered on oversized angioplasty balloons. Animals were killed after 4 weeks, and all coronary arteries were pressure perfusion fixed. Mean histological injury scores and neointimal thicknesses for dogs were 1.9±0.3 and 0.30±0.11, respectively, compared with 2.1±0.7 and 0.71±0.36 for pigs. Thus, there was significantly less neointimal thickening in dogs compared with pigs (P<.001) despite no differences in injury (P=NS). The neointimal thickening differences translated into significantly different percent area stenoses: 55±24% for pigs versus 27±13% for dogs (P<.001). Linear regression modeled neointimal thickness versus injury assessed by an ordinal injury score proportional to the depth of injury for each species. This analysis confirmed the differences across multiple injury levels. The slope of the regression line for dogs was small, suggesting that no relation may exist between injury and neointimal thickness in this species. The pig may be a more appropriate model for the study of the genesis of stenosing neointima. If the lack of response in dogs could be better understood, insight into more effective restenosis therapies might be possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-400
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Animal models
  • Neointimal hyperplasia
  • Restenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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