Differential expression of genes in elastase-induced saccular aneurysms with high and low aspect ratios

Ramanathan D Kadirvel, Yong Hong Ding, Daying Dai, Debra A. Lewis, David F Kallmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Morphologic features are thought to play a critical role in the rupture of intracranial, saccular aneurysms. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the gene expression pattern of saccular aneurysms with distinct morphologic patterns. Methods: Elastase-induced saccular aneurysms with high (≥ 2.4) and low (≤ 1.6) aspect ratios (ARs) (height to neck width) were created in 15 rabbits (n = 9 for high AR and n = 6 for low AR). RNA was isolated from the aneurysms and analyzed using a microarray containing 294 rabbit genes of interest. Genes with a statistically significant difference between low and high AR (P < .05) and a fold change of ≥ 1.5 and ≤ 0.75 to represent up- and down-regulation in high AR compared with low AR were used to identify pathways for further investigation. Results: Fourteen genes (4.8%) were differentially expressed in high-AR aneurysms compared with low-AR aneurysms. The expression of osteopontin, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase, haptoglobin, cathepsin L, collagen VIII, fibronectin, galectin 3, secreted frizzled-related protein 2, CD14, decorin, and annexin I were up-regulated, whereas the expression of myosin light chain kinase, Fas antigen, and CD34 were down-regulated in high-AR aneurysms. Conclusion: In a rabbit model of saccular aneurysm, high AR was associated with differential expression of inflammatory/immunomodulatory genes, structural genes, genes related to proteolytic enzymes and extracellular matrix-related genes. These findings may focus efforts on targets aimed at avoiding spontaneous rupture of intracranial, saccular aneurysms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)578-584
Number of pages7
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

Pancreatic Elastase
Aneurysm
Gene Expression
Genes
Intracranial Aneurysm
Rabbits
Annexin A1
Decorin
CD95 Antigens
Galectin 3
Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase
Cathepsin L
Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases
Osteopontin
Spontaneous Rupture
Haptoglobins
Fibronectins
Extracellular Matrix
Rupture
Peptide Hydrolases

Keywords

  • Aspect ratio
  • Gene expression
  • Saccular aneurysm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Differential expression of genes in elastase-induced saccular aneurysms with high and low aspect ratios. / Kadirvel, Ramanathan D; Ding, Yong Hong; Dai, Daying; Lewis, Debra A.; Kallmes, David F.

In: Neurosurgery, Vol. 66, No. 3, 03.2010, p. 578-584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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