Complement-dependent activation of immune cells is regulated by cell surface membrane receptors. In this study, expression of complement receptors (CR) on human blood basophils (n = 11), tissue mast cells (lung, n = 7; skin, n = 10; uterus, n = 4; tonsil, n = 3; heart, n = 10), and on respective human cell lines (basophil line KU-812, mast cell line HMC-1) was analyzed by the use of mAbs and indirect immunofluorescence. Normal blood basophils and KU- 812 cells were found to express C5aR (CD88), membrane cofactor protein (CD46), decay-accelerating factor (CD55), and membrane attack complex inhibitory factor (CD59), as well as the previously recognized CR1 (CD35), CR3α (CD11b), CR4α (CD11c), and CR3/4β (CD18). Mast cells from all organs as well as HMC-1 cells expressed CD46, CD55, and CD59, but not CD11b, CD21, or CD35. The C5aR (CD88) was detectable on skin mast cells, a subset (5 to 15%) of cardiac mast cells, and on HMC-1 cells, but not on lung, uterus, or tonsillar mast cells (<5%). Moreover, double immunoperoxidase staining (tryptase vs C5aR/CD88) revealed in situ expression of C5aR on skin, but not lung mast cells. Recombinant human (rh) C5a, at 10-10 to 10-7 M, induced secretion of histamine from basophils (rhC5a, 10 M: 53.4 ± 3.1% vs control <5%) and from skin mast cells (rhC5a, 10-8 M: 25.8 ± 16.1% vs control <10% histamine release), but not from other mast cells (rhC5a or control: <10%, p > 0.05). The rhC5a-induced secretion of histamine from basophils and skin mast cells was inhibited by S5/1, a blocking Ab against CD88 (basophils: 37.2% to 75.1%; skin mast cells: 39.2% to 83.9% inhibition p < 0.05). Together, this study shows that a) basophils and mast cells express a different profile of complement receptors, b) C5a-dependent mediator release in skin mast cells and basophils is mediated via CD88, and c) mast cells constitute a heterogenous lineage in terms of expression of the C5a binding site CD88.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy