Diet drug-related cardiac valve disease: The mayo clinic echocardiographic laboratory experience

Chari Y. Teramae, Heidi M. Connolly, Martha Grogan, Fletcher A. Miller

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Abstract

Objective: To describe the prevalence of diet drugrelated valvular disease among our referral population and the association of valvular disease with duration of exposure to fenfluraniine and phentermine in combination and to dexfenfluramine alone. Patients and Methods: In this retrospective review of clinical and echocardiographic data, charts of patients referred for treatment of toxic effects of diet drugs were reviewed, and telephone interviews were conducted. Results: Between June and December 1997, 191 patients (164 women, 27 men; mean age, 47 years) were referred for possible diet drug-related valvular disease. Twenty-eight (28%) of the 99 asymptomatic patients and 40 (43%) of the 92 symptomatic patients had abnormal echocardiographic findings. Valvular lesions among the 68 patients with abnormal echocardiographic findings included mild (or greater) aortic regurgitation in 55 patients (81%), moderate (or greater) mitral regurgitation in 12 (18%), and moderate (or greater) tricuspid regurgitation in 7 (10%). The Food and Drug Administration case definition of diet drug-related valvulopathy was noted in 31 % of this referral population. Of patients with valvulopathy, mean duration of therapy with fenfluraniine and phenter-mine in combination and dexfenfluramine alone was 9 months and 5 months, respectively. Duration of therapy was not associated with presence or absence of disease. Five patients had surgical intervention for severe valvulopathy: 3 had mitral valve repair, 1 had mitral valve replacement, and 1 had aortic valve replacement. Pulmonary hypertension (>40 mm Hg) was found in 24 patients (13%), and 17 (71%) had pulmonary hypertension in association with valvulopathy. Conclusion: This study demonstrated a 31 % (60/191) prevalence of valvulopathy in patients with a history of diet drug exposure who were referred for echocardiographic evaluation. The most common finding was mild aortic régurgitation. Twenty-eight percent of asymptomatic patients had abnormal echocardiographic findings. This study emphasizes the spectrum of diet drugrelated cardiac disease and the potential for valvulopathy in asymptomatic patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-461
Number of pages6
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume75
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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