Objective: Determine the utility of aquaporin 4 IgG (AQP4-IgG) testing (live cell-based assay) for Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD). Methods: We included Mayo Clinic patients (1/1/2018-12/31/2019) tested for serum AQP4-IgG by live cell-based flow-cytometric assay. Medical records were reviewed to assess if patients fulfilled 2015 NMOSD criteria. Results: Of 1371 patients tested, 41 were positive (3%) and all fulfilled NMOSD criteria with AQP4-IgG (specificity = 100%). Only 10/1330 testing negative met NMOSD criteria without AQP4-IgG (sensitivity = 80%) and seven of these 10 were MOG-IgG positive. Conclusions: AQP4-IgG by live cell-based assay was highly specific and without false positives in a high throughput setting.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Multiple Sclerosis Journal - Experimental, Translational and Clinical|
|State||Published - Oct 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience