Diagnosis of human papillomavirus gynecologic infections

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The identification in the early 1980s of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in cervical carcinoma generated interest in molecular classification of the virus, and prompted studies regarding the oncogenic potential of genital HPVs. Subsequent studies confirming the presence of HPV in greater than 90% of precancerous cervical lesions and close to 100% of cervical cancers has raised concerns regarding the adequacy of Papanicolaou (Pap) smear testing for the detection of precancerous lesions/HPV infection. A variety of detection methods adjunctive to cytologic testing have been described, including detection at the macroscopic level, cerviography, colposcopy, and serologic and molecular-based HPV testing. Recently, there has been intense interest in molecular-based detection and typing of HPV-induced genital lesions. This has resulted in the development of a variety of molecular-based detection methods including Southern transfer, dot blotting, in situ hybridization, hybrid capture, and PCR-based assays. This article provides an overview of each of the molecular methods, and addresses the potential future role of molecular-based HPV testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-287
Number of pages17
JournalClinics in Laboratory Medicine
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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