Development and Validation of a Mucosal Impedance Contour Analysis System to Distinguish Esophageal Disorders

Dhyanesh A. Patel, Tina Higginbotham, James C. Slaughter, Muhammad Aslam, Elif Yuksel, David Katzka, C. Prakash Gyawali, Melina Mashi, John Pandolfino, Michael F. Vaezi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Diagnostic testing for chronic esophageal disorders relies on histopathology analysis of biopsies or uncomfortable transnasal catheters or wireless pH monitoring, which capture abnormal intraluminal refluxate. We therefore developed a balloon mucosal impedance (MI) catheter system that instantly detects changes in esophageal mucosal integrity during endoscopy over a long segment of the esophagus. We performed a prospective study to evaluate the ability of a balloon-incorporated MI catheter to detect and evaluate esophageal disorders, including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Methods: We performed a prospective study of 69 patients undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy with or without wireless pH monitoring. Patients were classified as having GERD (erosive esophagitis or abnormal pH; n = 24), EoE (confirmed with pathology analysis of tissues from both distal and proximal esophagus; n = 21), or non-GERD (normal results from esophagogastroduodenoscopy and pH tests; n = 24). Receiver operating characteristic curves and area under the operating characteristic curve (AUC) were used to compare the accuracy of balloon MI in diagnosis. Probabilities of assignment to each group (GERD, non-GERD, or EoE) were estimated using multinomial logistic regression. Association between MI patterns and diagnoses were validated using data from patients seen at 3 separate institutions. Results: MI pattern along the esophageal axis differed significantly (P <.01) among patients with GERD, EoE, and non-GERD. Patients with non-GERD had higher MI values along all measured segments. The MI pattern for GERD was easily distinguished from that of EoE: in patients with GERD, MI values were low in the distal esophagus and normalized along the proximal esophagus, whereas in patients with EoE, measurements were low in all segments of the esophagus. Intercept and rate of rise of MI value (slope) as distance increased from the squamocolumnar junction identified patients with GERD with an AUC = 0.67, patients with EoE with an AUC = 0.84, and patients with non-GERD with an AUC = 0.83 in the development cohort. One patient had an adverse event (reported mild chest pain after the procedure) and was discharged from the hospital without further events. Conclusions: We developed a balloon MI catheter system that instantly detects changes in esophageal mucosal integrity during endoscopy and found it to be safe and able to identify patients with GERD, EoE, or non-GERD. We validated our findings in a separate cohort for patients. ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT03103789.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1626.e1
JournalGastroenterology
Volume156
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Diagnostic
  • Impedance Contour
  • Predictive Model
  • Prognostic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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    Patel, D. A., Higginbotham, T., Slaughter, J. C., Aslam, M., Yuksel, E., Katzka, D., Gyawali, C. P., Mashi, M., Pandolfino, J., & Vaezi, M. F. (2019). Development and Validation of a Mucosal Impedance Contour Analysis System to Distinguish Esophageal Disorders. Gastroenterology, 156(6), 1617-1626.e1. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.01.253