Development and application of novel immunoassays for eosinophil granule major basic proteins to evaluate eosinophilia and myeloproliferative disorders

Diane L. Squillace, James L. Checkel, Ayalew Tefferi, Hirohito Kita, Gerald J. Gleich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: During eosinophil differentiation, the granule eosinophil major basic protein 1 (eMBP1) is synthesized as a 32-kDa precursor form, referred to as proMBP1, which is processed into the 14-kDa mature form of eMBP1. The prevalence of these two forms of MBP1 in most pathological conditions remains unknown. Objective: To develop the immunoassays that differentiate mature eMBP1 and proMBP1 and apply them to analyze their levels in biological fluids from patients with eosinophilia and hematologic disorders. Methods: We produced a series of monoclonal antibodies and selected pairs capable of discriminating between the two molecular forms of eMBP1. Radioimmunoassay (RIA) was performed to simultaneously quantitate the levels of mature eMBP1 and proMBP1 in secretions from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and sera from patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and other myeloproliferative disorders. Results: The novel immunoassays possessed less than 1% crossreactivity between mature eMBP1 and proMBP1. Mature eMBP1, but not proMBP1, was found in nasal secretions of CRS patients. In contrast, elevated serum levels of mature eMBP1 and proMBP1 were observed in approximately 60% and 90% of HES patients, respectively, with proMBP1 present in greater quantities than mature eMBP1. Patients with several myeloproliferative disorders also showed high serum levels of proMBP1 while mature eMBP1 remained at basal levels. Conclusion: The novel immunoassays successfully differentiated mature eMBP1 and proMBP1 in human biological fluids. Further studies addressing the clinical correlates of these assays will help to develop biomarkers to diagnose and monitor patients with eosinophilia and myeloproliferative disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113015
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Volume493
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Eosinophilia
  • Eosinophils
  • MBP
  • Myeloproliferative disorders
  • proMBP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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