Detection of calcified arteries in breast tissue by vibro-acoustography: Implications on diagnosis of coronary artery diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The relationship between breast arterial calcification and coronary artery calcification and stenosis is currently an area of active research. It has been suggested in the literature that calcified arteries in the breast may be positively correlated with coronary artery disease. The efficacy of x-ray mammography, the main breast imaging method, is greatly reduced in radiologially dense breasts. In a recent study, we have shown that vibro-acoustography (VA), a novel noninvasive imaging technique that is based on the dynamic response of the object to a vibrating force, can detect microcalcifications in breast regardless of breast density. Here, we study application of VA in detecting calcified arteries in breast tissue. Initial mammogram images clearly showed 14 calcified arteries. The corresponding VA images showed all calcified arteries as fragmented linear structures. The VA appearance of the arteries highly correlated with their distinctive x-ray appearances, which allowed us to identify all of the calcified arteries in VA images. It is concluded that VA can be used to detect calcified arteries in excised breast tissue. This method: may eventually play a role in identifying individuals with an increased risk of coronary artery disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1515-1518
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium
Volume2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003
Event2003 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium - Proceedings - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Oct 5 2003Oct 8 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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