Depression was examined in 45 patients evaluated within 2 months of diagnosis of MS. At the time of testing, 40% of the MS sample met the diagnostic criteria for major depression, 22% had adjustment disorder with depressed mood and 37% showed no evidence of mood disorder. Personal and family history of depression in patients with MS was also examined and compared with a sample of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) who were matched for age, gender, marital and employment status and current level of depression. Fifty-two per cent of patients with MS reported experiencing a depressive episode before the onset of MS compared with 17% of patients with CLBP (P < 0.001). Sixteen patients with MS (35%) reported family history (parent or sibling) of treatment for depression compared with seven (15%) of patients with CLBP (P < 0.05). MS patients with a history of depression reported more initial symptoms than MS patients without a history of depression. Clinical and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England)|
|State||Published - Jun 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology