The diagnosis of Marfan syndrome (MFS) remains challenging despite the 2010 revision to Ghent nosology criteria, and there is a lack of published information regarding FBN1 genotype associations in patients since the update in Ghent criteria. Applying revised Ghent criteria, we reviewed consecutive proband cases (n=292) submitted for FBN1 sequencing. Testing yielded 207 pathogenic or likely pathogenic FBN1 variants, with 114/207 (55%) missense, 67/207 (32%) non-sense or frameshift, and 28/207 (13%) splicing. There were 130 novel FBN1 variants predicted as pathogenic or likely pathogenic (n=109) or variant of undetermined significance (n=21). Of the 104 patients who met 2010 revised Ghent criteria, 87/104 (82%) had a pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant. There was a significantly lower frequency of missense variants (41 vs 89%; P<0.0001) observed in the Ghent-positive (vs Ghent-negative) patients, and this association held true in age-based groupings. Previously described genotype associations with ectopia lentis and early onset/'neonatal' MFS were confirmed in our cohort. Overall, our study points to the imperfect nature of relying solely on clinical criteria to diagnose MFS as well as the potential importance of truncating/splicing variants in Ghent-positive cases. Furthermore, the description of numerous novel variants and associated clinical findings may be useful for future clinical interpretation of FBN1 genotype in patients with suspected MFS.
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