CYP2C8*3 predicts benefit/risk profile in breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant paclitaxel

Daniel L. Hertz, Alison A. Motsinger-Reif, Amy Drobish, Stacey J. Winham, Howard L. McLeod, Lisa A. Carey, E. Claire Dees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Paclitaxel is one of the most frequently used chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of breast cancer patients. Using a candidate gene approach, we hypothesized that polymorphisms in genes relevant to the metabolism and transport of paclitaxel are associated with treatment efficacy and toxicity. Patient and tumor characteristics and treatment outcomes were collected prospectively for breast cancer patients treated with paclitaxel-containing regimens in the neoadjuvant setting. Treatment response was measured before and after each phase of treatment by clinical tumor measurement and categorized according to RECIST criteria, while toxicity data were collected from physician notes. The primary endpoint was achievement of clinical complete response (cCR) and secondary endpoints included clinical response rate (complete response + partial response) and grade 3+ peripheral neuropathy. The genotypes and haplotypes assessed were CYP1B1*3, CYP2C8*3, CYP3A4*1B/ CYP3A5*3C, and ABCB1*2. A total of 111 patients were included in this study. Overall, cCR was 30.1 % to the paclitaxel component. CYP2C8*3 carriers (23/111, 20.7 %) had higher rates of cCR (55 % vs. 23 %; OR = 3.92 [95 % CI: 1.46-10.48], corrected p = 0.046). In the secondary toxicity analysis, we observed a trend toward greater risk of severe neuropathy (22 % vs. 8 %; OR = 3.13 [95 % CI: 0.89-11.01], uncorrected p = 0.075) in subjects carrying the CYP2C8*3 variant. Other polymorphisms interrogated were not significantly associated with response or toxicity. Patients carrying CYP2C8*3 are more likely to achieve clinical complete response from neoadjuvant paclitaxel treatment, but may also be at increased risk of experiencing severe peripheral neurotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-410
Number of pages10
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

Keywords

  • CYP2C8*3
  • Clinical complete response
  • Neoadjuvant breast cancer therapy
  • Paclitaxel
  • Pharmacogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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