Current status of endoscopic therapy for ulcer bleeding

C. Rollhauser, D. E. Fleischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article provides an overview of the therapeutic endoscopic modalities available for the treatment of peptic ulcer bleeding. The benefits of endoscopic haemostasis have been fully demonstrated by three meta-analyses, which included most of the controlled trials published until 1992. In this review, an emphasis is placed on randomized, prospective comparative trials published during the past 20 years. Using an evidence-based medicine approach, the results of meta-analyses are translated into efficacy measures known as relative and absolute risk reductions, and number needed to treat. Single-modality treatments with injection agents such as epinephrine, sclerosants and thrombogenic substances, or with thermal therapies, are efficacious and comparable. Combination therapy involving injection and thermal techniques may offer an advantage over single-method therapy. The differences in the results between clinical trials and routine clinical practice, and among the various randomized studies, are probably related to operators' experience and variations in technique rather than to inconsistency of endoscopic haemostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-410
Number of pages20
JournalBailliere's Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

Keywords

  • Endoscopy [therapy]
  • Gastrointestinal haemorrhage [therapy]
  • Haemostatic techniques [comparative studies]
  • Peptic ulcer haemorrhage [therapy]

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Current status of endoscopic therapy for ulcer bleeding'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this