Current Medical Treatments of Dyspepsia and Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Michael Camilleri, Jan F. Tack

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dyspepsia is a highly prevalent condition characterized by symptoms originating in the gastroduodenal region without underlying organic disorder. Treatment modalities include acid-suppressive drugs, gastroprokinetic drugs, Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy, tricyclic antidepressants, and psychological therapies. Irritable bowel syndrome is a multifactorial, lower functional gastrointestinal disorder involving disturbances of the brain-gut axis. The pathophysiology provides the basis for pharmacotherapy: abnormal gastrointestinal motor functions, visceral hypersensitivity, psychosocial factors, intraluminal changes, and mucosal immune activation. Medications targeting chronic constipation or diarrhea may also relieve irritable bowel syndrome. Novel approaches to treatment require approval, and promising agents are guanylate cyclase cagonists, atypical benzodiazepines, antibiotics, immune modulators, and probiotics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-493
Number of pages13
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Clinical trials
  • Opioids
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Pharmacology
  • Serotonergics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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