Cortical Thickness and Depressive Symptoms in Cognitively Normal Individuals: The Mayo Clinic Study of Aging

Anna Pink, Scott A. Przybelski, Janina Krell-Roesch, Gorazd B. Stokin, Rosebud O Roberts, Michelle M Mielke, David S Knopman, Clifford R Jr. Jack, Ronald Carl Petersen, Yonas Endale Geda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Altered cortical thickness has been observed in aging and various neurodegenerative disorders. Furthermore, reduced hippocampal volume has been reported in late-life depression. Even mild depressive symptoms are common in the elderly. However, little is known about the structural MRI measures of depressive symptoms in normal cognitive aging. Thus we sought to examine the association between depressive symptoms with cortical thickness and hippocampal volume as measured by brain MRI among community-dwelling participants. We conducted a cross-sectional study derived from the ongoing population-based Mayo Clinic Study of Aging, involving cognitively normal participants (N = 1,507) aged ≥70 years. We observed that depressive symptoms were associated with lower global cortical thickness and lower thickness in specific prefrontal and temporal cortical regions, labeled by FreeSurfer software, version 5.3. As expected, the strength of correlation was very small, given that participants were community-dwelling with only mild depressive symptoms. We did not observe associations between hippocampal volume and depressive symptoms. These findings may provide insight into the structural correlates of mild depressive symptoms in elderly participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1273-1281
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Aging
  • cortical thickness
  • depression
  • depressive symptoms
  • magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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