Coronary reactivity to ergonovine - Possible relationship to accelerated coronary arterial disease in cardiac transplant recipients

S. Kushwaha, D. Lythall, A. Maseri, A. Mitchell, M. Yacoub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Severe coronary artery spasm can occur in orthotopic cardiac transplant recipients. To investigate the possible mechanisms and relevance of coronary spasm to the subsequent development of coronary disease, the response of the coronary arteries to intracoronary ergonovine maleale was studied in 10 patients who had undergone orthotopic cardiac transplantation and were shown to have normal coronary arteries at angiography. Ergonovine in doses of 1,5 and 10 μg was injected into the left coronary artery followed by 2 mg of isosorbide dinitrate. Proximal coronary artery luminal diameters were measured using automated computerized quantitative angiography of the left anterior descending (LAD) and circumflex (LCX) vessels. Five patients (responders) demonstrated a dose response curve to intracoronary ergonovine which was similar to that previously seen in non-transplant patients (mean percentage diameter change ± SEM, - 24.68±1.93 for LAD, - 24.06±3.91 for LCX). The remaining five patients (non-responders) demonstrated a virtually flat dose response curve significantly different from that of the responders (P = 0.001 for LAD, P = 0.013 for LCX). Angiography after 2 years demonstrated significant coronary disease in four of the five responders to ergonovine. In contrast, the five non-responders to ergonovine continue to have no detectable disease by angiography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)520-525
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean heart journal
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Accelerated coronary arterial disease
  • Cardiac transplantation
  • Ergonovine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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