Contributors to fatigue in patients receiving mechanical ventilatory support: A descriptive correlational study

Linda L. Chlan, Kay Savik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To describe levels of fatigue and explore clinical factors that might contribute to fatigue in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Research methodology/design: Descriptive, correlational design. Sample was a sub-set of patients enrolled in a randomised clinical trial testing patient-directed music for anxiety self-management. Clinical factors included age, gender, length of ICU stay, length of ventilatory support, illness severity (APACHE III), and sedative exposure (sedation intensity and frequency). Descriptive statistics and mixed models were used to address the study objectives. Setting: Medical and surgical intensive care units in the Midwestern United States. Main outcome measures: Fatigue was measured daily via a 100-mm Visual Analogue Scale, up to 25 days. Results: A sample of 80 patients (50% female) receiving ventilatory support for a median 7.9 days (range 1-46) with a mean age of 61.2 years (SD 14.8) provided daily fatigue ratings. ICU admission APACHE III was 61.5 (SD 19.8). Baseline mean fatigue ratings were 60.7 ( SD 27.9), with fluctuations over time indicating a general trend upward. Mixed models analysis implicated illness severity (β(se( β)) = 27(.12)) and sedation frequency (β(se(β)) = 1.2(.52)) as significant contributors to fatigue ratings. Conclusion: Illness severity and more frequent sedative administration were related to higher fatigue ratings in these mechanically ventilated patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-308
Number of pages6
JournalIntensive and Critical Care Nursing
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Fatigue
  • Intensive care unit
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care

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