Contribution of the innate immune system to autoimmune myocarditis: A role for complement

Ziya Kaya, Marina Afanasyeva, Yan Wang, K. Malte Dohmen, Jens Schlichting, Theresa Tretter, De Lisa Fairweather, V. Michael Holers, Noel R. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

141 Scopus citations


Myocarditis is a principal cause of heart disease among young adults and is often a precursor of heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy. We show here that complement is critical for the induction of experimental autoimmune myocarditis and that it acts through complement receptor type I (CR1) and type 2 (CR2). We also found a subset of CD44hiCD62Llo T cells that expresses CR1 and CR2 and propose that both receptors are involved in the expression of B and T cell activation markers, T cell proliferation and cytokine production. These findings provide a mechanism by which activated complement, a key product of the innate immune response, modulates the induction of an autoimmune disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)739-745
Number of pages7
JournalNature immunology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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