Three cirrhotic patients with acute and chronic gastrointestinal blood loss are described. All had extensive gastric mucosal changes on endoscopy consistent with congestive gastropathy and also had extensive duodenal and jejunal changes consisting of multiple friable punctate areas of erythema. Two patients had esophageal varices from which bleeding could not be documented. The mucosal abnormalities seen in the small intestine of all three patients were similar to those within the stomach and are thought to represent an extension of congestive gastropathy and to be contributing to the blood loss. We propose that the term “congestive gastropathy”be replaced by a more comprehensive term, “congestive gastroenteropathy.” The cause of these mucosal abnormalities remains unclear. Attempts at endoscopic therapy of these extensive abnormalities should be avoided until a greater understanding of the underlying pathophysiology is reached.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging