This article describes the MR appearances of the six most common congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava. As a basis for understanding those anomalies, it describes the embryology of the inferior vena cava, based on an actual study of embryos and fetuses. The article takes a fresh look at the original research in this area, discusses the possible embryogenesis of the relevant anomalies, and describes different opinions on that subject, where different opinions exist.
- Inferior vena cava, MR
- Inferior vena cava, congenital anomalies
- Inferior vena cava, embryology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging